Personal tools
You are here: Home Managers bibuser Bibliography Wo, wann und warum gab es einen Großhandel mit Sklaven während des Mittelalters?
Document Actions

Charles Verlinden (1970)

Wo, wann und warum gab es einen Großhandel mit Sklaven während des Mittelalters?

Forschungsinstitut für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte an der Universität zu Köln Köln.

Medieval slave trade is a phenomenon of much larger extension than many people, even historians, believe.

Since the 9th century at least, there is a trade of Slav prisoners dominated, according to the author, by Jewish traders. They take two main routes: via the Alps to Venice and onward to Muslim Spain or Egypt, or via Verdun and the Rhone valley to the same destinations. On this way, Slav slaves get so far as Bagdad, and due to their growing number, they also get to play an important role in Muslim Spain as they reach high ranks in the military and at court.

The second wave of massive slave trade takes a north/south direction, from the Black Sea to Egypt. The import of slave soldiers being vital to Egypt, this trade route is dominated by Egyptian merchants until the rise of the Italian cities of Genoa and Venice in the late 13th century. The papal prohibition for Christian traders to sell slaves to Muslims, reiterated several times during the 14th century, has no visible influence on the large extent of slave trade on this route. Since the Land route from the Balkans crosses the Genoese Sea route from the Black Sea in Gallipoli, slaves of very diverse origins are sold in Egypt. The Genoese are also involved in the transport of black slaves arriving on the trans-Saharan routes at the Mediterranean to Egypt.

But not only Muslims are slave-holders: the Christian colons of Crete, Sicily, and Majorca have a growing need of slaves, too.

Slave trade 9th century 10th century 11th century 12th century 13th century 14th century
by Annika Stello last modified 2007-02-23 12:58

Powered by Plone CMS, the Open Source Content Management System

This site conforms to the following standards: