Salvatore Vacca (2007)
Chiesa e Schiavitù in età moderna
According to Justinian, Gregory the Great, and Augustine slavery is the work of men. Slavery and the slave trade were established on the basis of a complex of political, philosophical, theological and juridical conditions and ideas that different systems of government have used to justify their actions. The Church could not change this system. It changed on its own after the French revolution. As a consequence also the Christian moral code has changed accordingly. In the modern age there was an interminable dispute about the slavery of Indios and the slave trade, which involved popes, missionaries, theologians and monarchs and left a great deal of documents. Although the popes have belatedly condemned indios’ slavery, they eventually did it, even if they did not condemn, until the nineteenth century, the slave trade. The historical research, by focusing on some authors of the seventeenth century, especially missionaries, aims to study the thought and actions of the ecclesiastic hierarchy, of the Catholics civil governments, of theologians and of the missionaries themselves, who where on the spot, concerning the legitimacy and justification of slavery, its different types, the consequences for the slaves as well as the juridical basis and theological justification of the slave trade.